A container price must have specific control settings and loading procedures to be able to make sure that cargo will survive shipping with full protection of the goods to avoid spoilage. Without the right techniques followed, and depending on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations in terms of size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and type of refrigeration method. Here’s a list of settings requirements and loading procedures to help assure transport will likely be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for that optimum conditions from the cargo. Most reefer cargo (50 plus percent) includes fruits and vegetables, and the other 40 % consists of meats and fish. Each kind has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set because of fresh cargo having to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, that is, the airflow rate with the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) per hour. Air flow is definitely from the base of the reefer to the peak. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and thru packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo needs to be closed, that is, just around the cargo.
3. Set humidity control for optimum conditions according to cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo should be secured to ensure that, once loaded, it does not move during shipment. Loaded cargo must not violate the utmost red-load line, which establishes the utmost height of cargo in the reefer container supplier, to permit proper airflow return to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow should not be restricted from the proper flow around and thru the cargo. This can depend on the form of cargo and whether it be chilled or frozen. However, if there are significant gaps around the cargo, or excessively large chimneys involving the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and reduce proper airflow where it is needed to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor manufacturer has become properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without need to open it up at any time through the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A properly loaded and shipped reefer should provide adequate protection and maintenance of goods from beginning to end in the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers are often called reefers. A reefer is described as “a refrigerator (especially one large enough to be walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play a crucial role in global trade. They allow companies to ship items including fruits, vegetables, dairy products as well as other items requiring refrigeration while in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped on the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels needed for the merchandise they may be transporting. Reefer containers are typically fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly with the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specially created to permit the transport of individual refrigerated container units and they are generally usually found in special regions of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems and a few reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to make certain perishable cargo will not be spoiled as a result of refrigeration unit going bad.